Inderal is a medicine that is used to improve the condition of a patient who has recently undergone a heart attack. This medicine is used for a number of different purposes, the most important being to treat hypertension, i.e., high blood pressure. This drug may also be used to prevent angina which is a condition that causes chest pain. Moreover, Inderal may also be used to control shaking as well as treat or prevent heart attacks, strokes, heart failures, heart rhythm disorders and other similar circulation issues. Inderal has also been found helpful for reducing the frequency and severity of migraine headaches, and may even help treat even kidney problems.
What are the common side effects of Inderal?
Although severe side effects of this medicine are rare, there have been instances of such effects on a few users. The major side effects of Inderal are mentioned below and will require immediate medical attention if you experience any of these.
Major side effects
Hypotension, that is extremely low blood pressure. The function of Inderal is to lower blood pressure, but in case the patient overdoses or their heart receptors are sensitive to this drug, the blood pressure may drop to dangerous levels. This may cause symptoms such as dizziness, lightheadedness and the feeling as if one may pass out.
A drop in heart rate, this condition is called severe bradycardia. The action of this drug slows down the transmission of nerve impulses to the heart. This slows down the heartbeat, and in some cases, even stops it.
Low blood sugar levels that may cause dizziness, headache, hunger, increased sweating, confusion, and irritability, etc.
There are minor side effects of this drug too, but these are temporary and tend to go away once the treatment is completed. It is possible you might not even experience any side effects at all.
Minor side effects
- Tiredness and loss of energy
- Mild dizziness
- Upset stomach such as diarrhea and constipation
- Allergic reaction causing a rash or itching on the skin
- Reduced sexual drive
- Trouble sleeping
- Abdominal pain
These side effects are mild and are fairly common among users. They are not dangerous and do not require you to consult a doctor. However, if you notice these signs aggravating, see a doctor at once.
How does Inderal work?
Inderal is a beta-blocker and hence, improves blood flow around the body. Inderal works by preventing natural chemicals in the body such as epinephrine from carrying out their function on the beta receptors of the heart and blood. This results in relaxed blood vessels that eventually lead to a lowered blood pressure and reduced chest pain. High blood pressure is caused due to constricted blood vessels that place an increased strain on the heart to pump blood around the body in order to fulfill the oxygen demand of the body.
How to use Inderal?
Inderal is a medicinal drug and should only be taken with a doctor’s recommendation. The medicine tablet needs to be taken orally with a full glass of water. It is recommended to take this medicine before a meal, but you may also choose to follow your doctor’s directions. The dosage may vary according to the patient’s medical health, weight, and age but it usually tends to be 2 to 4 times per day. It is important to swallow the tablet as a whole and not chew, break, or bite it as this may increase the side effects. In case you are using the liquid form of this medicine, make sure to measure it accurately with a measuring device.
Do not alter dosages or overdose as it may lead to serious side effects. Take Inderal regularly as per your doctor’s recommendation for the best of results.
Before using Inderal
Do not use Inderal if you are allergic to it or its active ingredient, propranolol or if you suffer from asthma, heart conditions, etc.
Precautions for using Inderal
- May make you dizzy; do not engage in activities that require complete attention such as driving and operating machinery until fully alert.
- Get up from a lying or a sitting position slowly to avoid falling over due to being dizzy.
- Avoid alcohol consumption when taking this medicine as it may increase the risks of side effects.
- Pregnant women should not use this medicine without a doctor’s recommendation.
- Breastfeeding women should not use this medicine as it may through breast milk and harm the nursing child.
- Make sure to use a proper diet and exercise program along with the medicine to get the most benefits.