Bystolic (Nebivolol) Side Effects, Important Information, How to Take & Before Taking

Bystolic belongs to a category of drugs called beta blockers that work by reducing the heart rate and decreasing the load on the heart. It is a prescription drug prescribed majorly to individuals suffering from high blood pressure. Bystolic, also known as Nebivolol, functions by blocking the action of certain naturally occurring elements in the human body known as epinephrine on the heart and various other blood vessels in the body. It also lowers its impact on heart muscles which otherwise rapidly contract and expand upon its secretion. The medicine usage results in muscle relaxation and reduction in the workload on the heart, thus resulting in lower risk of stroke, heart attack, angina, etc.

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Side Effects:

Common Side Effects:

The mild side effects include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Lightheadedness
  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty sleeping

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Uncommon Side Effects:

The severe and rare side effects include:

  • Feeling short of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Swelling of your ankles or feet
  • Numbness in your hands and feet
  • Unusual weight gain or loss
  • Slow or uneven heartbeats
  • Bloating or swelling of the hands, face, arms, lower legs, or feet

Upon experiencing one or more of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

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Symptoms of overdose:

Get emergency medical help if you experience the following overdose symptoms and get immediate treatment for it.

  • Increased hunger
  • Nervousness
  • Increased thirst
  • Irregular, fast or slow, or shallow breathing
  • Increased sweating
  • Coma
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle pain or cramps

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How to use:

It is a prescription drug and thus should only be used if prescribed by a doctor. To gain more information about it, ask your pharmacist or read the medical guide it comes with. The medication is taken orally once every day with or without a meal.

The dosage is determined by the doctor depending on the individual’s age, medical history, allergies and response to the treatment. Many doctors may begin the treatment with a lower dose and increase it with time to monitor your body’s response to the drug and see for any adverse effects.

It is advised not to increase or decrease the dose without the doctor’s prescription. Self-administering or ceasing the use of the drug could also be dangerous. This medicine may take a week or two to show the desired effects. Use the medicine regularly to get the desired results.

If, despite constant use for ample amount of time, you see no significant results or your blood pressure doesn’t decrease, then contact your doctor as you may need a change of dose or a complete change in treatment plan.

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Precautions:

Before taking the drug, make sure you discuss your allergies with the doctor. Additionally, tell your doctor in detail about your medical history as a few conditions worsen with the use of this medicine especially the following:

  • Breathing problems (asthma, emphysema, bronchitis)
  • Mental or mood disorders (depression, anxiety)
  • Heart rhythm problems (atrioventricular block, the presence of pacemaker)
  • Kidney diseases
  • Liver diseases
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Muscle diseases (myasthenia gravis)

This drug may make you dizzy and cause blurred vision. Try to minimize the use of marijuana and alcohol while administering the drug. Don’t operate heavy machinery or drive. If you suffer from diabetes, then this medicine may cause rapid heartbeat which is also a symptom of hypoglycemia. A patient, in that case, could get confused between determining the cause behind heart palpitations. Furthermore, the drug could make it difficult to control glucose levels.