Azithromycin Side Effects, Important Information, Before Taking & More

Azithromycin is the generic name for various medicines, one famous name being Zithromax. It belongs to a group of medicines called macrolide antibiotics.

It is available as tablets, suspension and also as eye drops. It is used to treat infections caused by bacteria such as those occurring in the ear, respiratory passage, skin, and organs associated with reproduction. It is also effective in curing Mycobacteriumavium complex that is a specific type of infection of the lungs which attacks people suffering from HIV.




Azithromycin retards the growth of bacteria that are harmful to the body. This antibiotic only works on bacteria and is not suitable for treating viral infections


Side effects

Azithromycin, while being an effective antibiotic, has some side effects too. These side effects vary in their severity hence they are classified as minor side effects and major side effects; the former being less severe and the latter being more severe, thus taking more time to cure.

Minor side effects

Minor side effects are less severe and can be treated in a relatively shorter time period with the proper medications and treatment from a healthcare practitioner. The minor side effects of Azithromycin include:

  • Vomiting is reported
  • You experience diarrhea
  • You feel nausea
  • You get frequent headaches
  • You suffer from severe stomach pain


Major side effects

The major side effects are severe and take time to heal. They occur in a few people using the medicine; hence, they are termed as rare and severe side effects. Some major and severe side effects of Azithromycin are listed below:

  • Blisters occur
  • Face sudden loss of appetite
  • Face trouble breathing
  • Itching happens in different areas of the body
  • Rashes occur on the body
  • Swelling in different body parts
  • Symptoms of jaundice are visible
  • Urine passed is dark in color
  • You experience rapid or unusual heartbeat
  • You experience diarrhea
  • You feel as if you will faint
  • You feel dizzy
  • You feel tired
  • You suffer from hives


How to take azithromycin?

The course for the tablets and liquid suspension extends from 1-5 days until you can see proper results. To reduce the chances of missing a dose, it is recommended to take Azithromycin at the same time each day. To clear any misconceptions about the medicine, read the prescription label well and ask your doctor anything that needs clarification.

For the liquid, it is important to shake the bottle well to mix all the contents of the antibiotic. Use a proper measurement spoon to get the accurate dose as prescribed by your doctor.

Store azithromycin at room temperature away from direct heat, light, and moisture.



There are some precautions you need to consider before taking Azithromycin.

Inform your doctor if you have suffered from an allergic reaction to any of the ingredients present in Azithromycin.

Tell your doctor about the medicines or supplements you use or are planning to use so he can guide you about the possible interactions that may occur.

Inform your doctor if you had any of the following medical conditions:

  • You experience an unusual heart rate
  • You have blood complications
  • You have or had a kidney disorder
  • You have or had a liver disease
  • You suffered from jaundice

Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to be while taking this medication. Also, tell him if you are breastfeeding.