Clindamycin belongs to the class of drugs known as antibiotics. Antibiotics are medicines that fight against bacterial infections by weakening them and eliminating them from the body. Clindamycin is used to treat a variety of different bacterial infections such as acne and vaginal infections known as bacterial vaginosis. Keep in mind, however, that clindamycin should be used for bacterial infections as it would not work for other viral or fungal disease.
Common side effects of clindamycin
Although severe side effects of this medicine are rare, there have been instances of such effects on a few users. The major side effects of clindamycin are mentioned below and will require immediate medical attention.
Major side effects
- Changes in bowel habits
- Severe abdominal pain
- Decreased urge to urinate
- Metallic taste in mouth particularly after clindamycin injection
- Too watery or bloody diarrhea
- A severe skin reaction causing skin rash, swollen glands, fever, unusual bruising, symptoms of jaundice such as yellowing of the skin and eyes, flu-like symptoms, etc.
There are minor side effects of this drug too, but these are temporary and tend to go away once treatment is completed. It is possible you might not even experience any side effects at all.
Minor side effects
- Loss of appetite
- Vaginal itching or discharge
- Upset stomach such as diarrhea, constipation, etc.
- Mouth sores
- Swollen or red tongue
These side effects are mild and are fairly common among users. They are not dangerous and do not require you to consult a doctor. However, if you notice these signs aggravating, see a doctor at once.
How does clindamycin work?
This drug works by preventing the growth of bacteria. It does so by restricting and stopping the multiplication of bacteria. This keeps the bacteria from reproducing further as well as prevent the repair of their genetic material, i.e., DNA.
Clindamycin should not be used for the common cold and flu and other similar viral infections because it will not be effective. Using an antibiotic when not needed can reduce its effectiveness for future uses as the pathogen (disease-causing organism) may become resistant to it. As a result, they undergo mutations and introduce genes that will keep them unaffected by the action of the said antibiotic.
How to use clindamycin
Clindamycin is a medicinal drug and should only be taken with a doctor’s recommendation. It must be taken orally with water. You may choose to take the medicine with or without a meal, but you may also choose to follow your doctor’s directions. The dosage may vary according to the patient’s medical health, weight, and age but it usually tends to be 3-4 times a day at equally spaced intervals. Swallow the tablet whole; do not chew, break or bite it as this may increase the side effects.
Do not alter dosages or overdose as it may lead to serious side effects. Take clindamycin regularly as per your doctor’s recommendation for the best of results.
- Do not use Clindamycin if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredient.
- Not suitable for individuals under 18 years.
- Do not use it if you are pregnant or breastfeeding as it may harm the child.
- May make you dizzy, do not drive or use machinery until fully alert.
- Ensure you take the complete dosage prescribed by the doctor even if you feel completely fine. Doing so will keep the bacteria from becoming resistant to the drug, and it can be used later on as well.