Amoxicillin is a type of penicillin antibiotic that is used to treat different kinds of infections. This medication is used to treat bacterial infections and has no effect on viral infections such as the common cold and flu. What this medication does is that it prevents the growth of bacteria and fight against it. Using this medication for a prolonged time, especially when it is not needed can cause it to lose its effectiveness.
Amoxicillin is used for treating bacterial infections which include tonsillitis, bronchitis, gonorrhea, pneumonia and other infections related to the skin, ear, nose, throat and urinary tract. It can also be used alongside other medications to treat stomach and intestinal ulcers and prevent the ulcers from occurring again.
Just like every other medication, Amoxicillin also has its fair share of adverse side effects. However, you must understand that if your doctor has prescribed you this medication, then it is probably because the benefits of using this drug for you tend to outweigh the side effects. Following are some side effects you are likely to experience.
Minor side effects
Some of the minor side effects of using this drug include:
- Stomach pain
- Vaginal itching and discharge
- Swollen, back hairy tongue
- Oral thrush
- White patches in the mouth
Major side effects
Some rare yet severe side effects associated with using this drug include:
- Clostridium difficile
- Abdominal pain
- Blood in your stool
- Painful mouth sores
- Trouble swallowing
- Skin sores
- Trouble breathing
- Yellowed skin and eyes
- Dark colored urine
- Easy bruising
- Unusual bleeding
- Swelling of face, tongue, and throat
- Severe dizziness
- Breathing issues
The above-mentioned list does not contain all the possible adverse effects one might experience.
How to use Amoxicillin?
When taking this medication, make sure to follow all the directions given to you by your doctor. Amoxicillin is to be taken orally; you can take it with some food if you want to. This medication has to be taken after every 8 to 12 hours. The dosage depends on your condition and how well you are responding to the treatment. Do not increase or decrease your dosage unless your doctor tells you to do so. If you’re taking the liquid form of this medication, then make sure to shake the medicine well before using it. Use a measuring spoon so that you can get the exact amount of medicine. As for the extended-release tablets, make sure not to chew, crush or break them, instead swallow the medicine whole. It is advisable to take this medication at evenly-spaced time intervals to get the most benefits from it. Make sure to drink lots of fluid while using this medicine. Do not stop taking this medication suddenly, make sure you finish the prescribed amount of medicines even if your symptoms start disappearing within a few days. Stopping the medication early can cause the bacteria to continue growing which can cause the infection to return.
When taking this medication, you need to be aware of certain factors. You must know what things you should avoid, to prevent any mishap from happening. You must also let your doctor know of any medical condition that you suffer from to ensure your safety and health. Following are some conditions you must tell your doctor about:
- Kidney disease
- Viral infection (infectious mononucleosis)
- Liver disease
- History of diarrhea (caused by antibiotics)
This medication makes birth control pills less effective therefore you will have to opt for hormonal birth control options such as condoms and diaphragms with spermicide to prevent getting pregnant.
Before undergoing surgery, make sure to inform your doctor of your use of this medicine.
This medication may cause live bacterial vaccines, including typhoid vaccines, not to work effectively.
Pregnant women and nursing mothers must avoid this medicine as well as it does have adverse effects on the baby.