Xanax is the brand name of Alprazolam, specifically prescribed for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), anxiety associated with depression, panic disorder, phobias, and insomnia. It is also known to be a minor tranquilizer. Chemically, it belongs to the class of drugs called benzodiazepines, which function as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, hence soothing our mind and body.
Xanax is designated as a federally controlled substance (C-IV) due to the fact that it can be abused or lead to dependence. It works by stimulating a neurotransmitter in the brain called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), typically involved in sleep regulation, relaxation, and anxiety. This action can assist in slowing down the central nervous system (CNS), and decrease the agitation while creating a tranquilizing effect.